Low back pain (LBP) is the most prevalent musculoskeletal condition and one the most common causes of disability in South Africa, 67% of the studies were found to be methodologically sound, and the total number of cases with lower back pain were analyzed. The mean LBP point prevalence among the adolescents was 12% and among adults was 32%. The average one year prevalence of LBP among adolescents was 33% and among adults was 50%

Who can have back pain?

Back pain can affect people of any age, for different reasons. As people get older, the chance of developing lower back pain increases, due to factors such as previous occupation and degenerative disk disease.


Pain in the upper back may be due to disorders of the aorta, tumors in the chest, and spine inflammation.

Damage can result from strain, medical conditions, and poor posture, among others.


Back pain commonly stems from strain, tension, or injury.

Here’s a list of frequent causes of back pain are:

Strained muscles or ligaments, a muscle spasm. Activities that may lead to strains or spasms are when you lifting something the wrong way or that is too heavy or abrupt and awkward movement can cause lower back pain.

Structural problems result in back pain

Ruptured disks: Each vertebra in the spine is cushioned by disks. If the disk ruptures there will be more pressure on a nerve, this will cause back pain.

Problems such as kidney stones or kidney infection can cause back pain.

Sciatica is a sharp and shooting pain travels through the buttock and down the back of the leg, caused by a bulging or herniated disk pressing on a nerve.

 Osteoarthritis may cause problems with the joints in the hips, lower back, and other places.

Abnormal curvature of the spine this is when the spine curves in an unusual way, back pain can result.

Osteoporosis is when bones become brittle this can cause back pain.

Back pain can also result from some everyday activities or poor posture.

Adopting a very hunched sitting position when using computers can result in increased back and shoulder problems over time. Other causes may include, twisting, muscle tension, carrying heavy thing ,stretching, long driving sessions without a break, sleeping awkwardly, sleeping with a pillow that doesn’t support you spine properly,

Other causes are medical conditions that can lead to back pain.